Nature is full of exciting things to do, but you need more than just a backpack and a sense of wonder to go into the woods. Sometimes, things happen out of the blue, and knowing about wilderness medicine can mean the difference between a minor problem and a major medical emergency. This piece discusses the basics of wilderness medicine, which will help you treat common illnesses and injuries when you're not near a doctor. 

Why Wilderness Medicine in The Wild Is Important? 

The wilderness has problems that can't be solved in well-equipped medical centers. A different approach to medical care is needed because of limited means, distance from definitive care, and environmental factors. When you learn wilderness medicine, you know how to evaluate, stabilize, and treat medical problems until help comes. 

Important Principles 

Wilderness medicine is based on the following ideas: 

The best way to stay healthy in the wilderness is to avoid troubles in the first place. This means making plans, bringing a complete first-aid kit, and knowing what risks might be in the place you choose to visit. 

  • Do No Harm: In wilderness first aid processing, the most important thing is to calm the situation without hurting anyone else more. Focus on actions that keep critical functions like breathing and circulation going until the person can get proper care. 
  • Prioritization: In an emergency, quickly evaluate the situation and give the most attention to conditions that could kill the person, such as bleeding, serious allergic reactions, or blocked airways. 
  • Usefulness: Using your imagination is a big part of wilderness medicine. Learn how to use clothes and natural materials close by to help and care for hurt people. 

Making Your Medical Kit for the Wilderness 

In the woods, a well-stocked first-aid kit is your only hope. The information should be tailored to the setting and actions that are being planned. Here are some important things: 

  • Prevention: For wound care, you'll need bandages, clean dressings, adhesive tape, wound irrigation solutions, and antiseptic wipes. 
  • Pain Management: Over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help manage pain. 
  • Fracture and Sprain Management: Splints, stretchy wraps, and slings are all ways to treat fractures and sprains. 
  • Drugs: You should include personal drugs and allergy medicines called antihistamines. 
  • Other Important Things: a thermometer, bug spray, sunscreen, an emergency blanket, a whistle, and a light.